Polling stations opened in Turkey this morning to decide on whether the country will evolve into a presidential system. Tens of millions are expected to vote on the 18-article constitutional change with stations open until 17:00 local time.
The proposed changes stipulate strengthening of the presidential powers over the legislature and the judiciary, as well as allow the president to remain the head of the political party he represents, which is not allowed by the current legislation, grant him the ability to appoint a number of top judges and declare a state of emergency.
The amendments were approved by the Turkish parliament on January 21, despite the criticism from the opposition parties, which consider the move as a power grab attempt by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
In particular, Turkish opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) leader Kemal Kilicdaroglu warned in early April that in case the voters supported the proposals, an uncontrolled power could result in a “disaster.”
Earlier this week, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) observation mission, assessing the campaign environment of Turkey’s upcoming referendum on the constitutional reform, issued a report calling the campaign highly politicised.
According to the OSCE, during March 17-April 7 campaign “No” supporters were facing police interventions and even arrests in several cases, while Turkey’s senior officials, including the president and the prime minister, equated “No” campaigners with the July 2016 failed coup plotters or terrorist organisations.
The Turkish citizens living in other countries have already cast their ballots in embassies and consulates.